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Florida Mangroves

Florida Red Mangrove with Flowers

Mangroves are tropical plants, killed by freezing temperatures.

The Florida mangroves ecoregion includes three mangrove species:

  • Red Mangrove (Rhizophora mangle), as shown in the picture,
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia germinans),
  • White Mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa)

All three mangrove species flower in the spring and early summer. Propagules fall from late summer through early autumn. These plants have differing adaptions to conditions along coasts, and are generally found in partially overlapping bands or zones, roughly parallel to the shoreline. The red mangrove grows closest to open water. It has multiple prop roots, which may help to stabilize the soil around its roots. Further inland is the black mangrove lacking prop roots, but does have pneumatophores, which grow up from the roots to above the water level. The white mangrove grows further inland. It may have prop roots and/or pneumatophores, depending on conditions where it is growing.

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